Effects of Physical Activity on Academic Performance

» The Association between School-Based Physical Activity, Including Physical Education, and Academic Performance; July 2010 »

This publication from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Dept of Health & Human Services reviews a range of physical activities to synthesize the scientific literature on the relationship between school-based physical activities and academic performance. Go here for more…

» Active Living Research: Using Evidence to Prevent Childhood Obesity and Create Active Communities »

This website offers support and research that promotes daily physical activity in children, especially in those of lower income who are at highest risk for obesity. Go here for more…

» Health-Related Fitness and Academic Achievement in Middle School Students. »

The purpose of this study was to examine the association between health-related fitness and academic performance in middle school students. Coe DP, Pivarnik JM, Womack CJ, Reeves MJ, Malina RM.  (J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2012 Dec;52(6):654-60.) Go here for more…

» Exercise Improves Executive Function and Achievement and Alters Brain Activation in Overweight Children: A Randomized Controlled Trial: 2011, Vol 30 »

The hypothesis that exercise improves executive function was tested. The study showed that aerobic activity may play a role in enhancing children ís mental functions. C. L. Davis, P. D. Tomporowski, et al. Go here for more…

» Physical Activity Across the Curriculum (PAAC): a randomized controlled trial to promote physical activity and diminish overweight and obesity in elementary school children »

This study was a randomized controlled trial designed to promote physical activity and reduce obesity among elementary school children. PAAC may promote daily physical activity as well as academic achievement in elementary school children. J. E. Donnelly, J. L. Greene, C. A. Gibson, et al. Preventative Medicine: 2009, Vol.No. 49. Go here for more…

» Physical Activity and Academic Achievement Across the Curriculum (A + PAAC): rationale and design of a 3-year, cluster-randomized trial »

The trial was used to show that physical activity may have an impact on academic performance and obesity in elementary school children. If the A + PAAC is successful, it could be an easy way to improve academic achievement and health. J. E. Donnelly, J. L. Greene, C. A. Gibson, et al., BMC Public Health: 2013, Vol.13. Go here for more…

» Relationship of nutrition and physical activity behaviors and fitness measures to academic performance for sixth graders in a midwest city school district »

The study found that nutrition and physical activity behaviors were associated with higher measures of academic progress scores. J. U. Edwards, L. Mauch, M. R. Winkelman, Journal of School Health: 2011, Vol.No. 81. Go here for more…

» The Effect of Acute Physical Exercise on Cognitive Function During Development »

The effects of acute exercise on cognitive development were explored. 7 and 10-year-old boys were assessed on reaction and choice response times after either exercising or watching television. The children exposed to exercise showed a significant improvement on both tasks, meaning that exercise may have a positive effect on cognitive function in children. D. Ellemberg, M. St-Louis-Deschenes, The effect of acute physical exercise on cognitive function during development, Psychology of Sport and Exercise: 2010, Vol.No. 11. Go here for more…

» Effect of a Low-Cost, Teacher-Directed Classroom Intervention on Elementary Students’ Physical Activity »

The study found that if teachers implement one activity break during each school day, children’s physical activity levels may be improved. It is recommended that one activity break per school day should be included in a comprehensive school physical activity program, which includes recess, physical education, and before and after school programs. H. E. Erwin, A. Beighle, C. F. Morgan, et al., Journal of School Health: 2011, Vol. 81 No. 8. Go here for more…

» The Effects of Physical Activity and Physical Fitness on Children’s Achievement and Cognitive Outcomes: A Meta-Analysis »

This review examined the relationship between children’s physical activity and cognitive outcomes in studies from 1947 to 2009. The results showed that there is a significant and positive effect of physical activity on childrenís cognitive outcomes, namely with aerobic exercise, which is shown to have the greatest effect. A.L. Fedewa, S. Ahn, Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport: 2011, Vol. 82 No. 3 Go here for more…

» Physically Active Academic Lessons and Time on Task: The Moderating Effect of Body Mass Index »

The study examined effects of a physically active classroom lesson and time on task. The results suggest that physically active classroom lessons prevent a reduction in time on task after a period of inactivity in all children. L. A. Grieco, E. M. Jowers, J. B. Bartholomew, Medicine & Science in Sports Exercise: 2009, Vol. 41 No. 10. Go here for more…

» The Effect of Acute Treadmill Walking on Cognitive Control and Academic Achievement in Preadolescent Children »

Results of this study suggest that 20 minutes treadmill walking may improve cognitive control of attention and academic performance was assessed. C.H. Hillman, M. B. Pontifex, L.B. Raine, et al., Neuroscience: 2009, Vol. 159. Go here for more…

» Putting Physical Activity Where it Fits in the School Day; Preliminary Results of the ABC (Activity Bursts in the Classroom) for Fitness Program »

The effect of physical activity programs in the elementary school classroom and health outcomes were evaluated. Results showed that the effects of Activity Bursts in the Classroom on daily physical activity, fitness, and health are beneficial. D. L. Katz, D. Cushman, J. Reynolds, et al., Preventing Chronic Disease: 2010, Vol. 7, No. 4. Go here for more…

» The Impact of Physical Activity and Fitness on Academic Achievement and Cognitive Performance in Children »

This article reviews published studies on the potential for physical activity to improve cognitive function, learning and academic achievement in children. There is insufficient evidence to conclude that additional physical education time increases academic achievement, but there is no evidence that it is detrimental. T. J.H. Keeley, K. R. Fox. International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology: 2009, Vol. 2, No. 2. Go here for more…

» Ten Years of TAKE 10!: Integrating Physical Activity With Academic Concepts in Elementary School Classrooms »

This paper takes look at the impact of classroom-based physical activity program, TAKE 10!, and health-academic integration through existing state and federal policy and programming. By examining evidence from journal articles, published abstracts, and reports on the impact of TAKE 10!, results showed that teachers are willing and able to integrate classroom-based activities and that these activities increase PA levels and improve reading, math and spelling composite scores. D. L. Kibbe, J. Hackett, M. Hurley, et al. Preventive Medicine: 2001, Vol. 52. Go here for more…

» The Kinesthetic Classroom: Teaching and Learning through Movement »

This paper discusses why movement enhances the learning process and the six purposes for movement. Mike Kuczala, Title 1, Special Education and CCLC Fall Conference, Bismarck, North Dakota, 2013. Go here for more…

» Exercise Improves Behavioral, Neurocognitive, and Scholastic Performance in Children with ADHD »

This study examined the effect of a single bout of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise on preadolescents with ADHD. The results found that single bouts of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise may have implications for aspects of neurocognitive function and inhibitory control in children with ADHD. M. B. Pontifex, B. J. Saliba, L. B. Raine, et al., The Journal of Pediatrics: 2013, Vol. 162, No. 3. Go here for more…

» The Influence of Childhood Aerobic Fitness on Learning and Memory »

This study investigated the relationship between aerobic fitness, learning, and memory on a task that involved remembering names on a fictitious map. During the retention session, higher fit children outperformed lower fit children, suggesting that fitness may boost learning and memory of children. L. B. Raine, H. K. Lee, B. J. Saliba, et al. PloS One: 2013, Vol. 8, No. 9. Go here for more…

» Exercise and Children’s Intelligence, Cognition, and Academic Achievement »

This paper reviews the effects of exercise on childrenís intelligence, cognition, or academic achievement. Exercise is shown to facilitate childrenís executive function. P. D. Tomporowski, C. L. Davis, P. H. Miller, J. A. Naglieri. Education Psychology Review: 2008, Vol. 20. Go here for more…

» Children’s Aerobic Fitness and Academic Achievement: A Longitudinal Examination of Students During Their Fifth and Seventh Grade Years »

The study examined children’s academic performance based on aerobic fitness over a 2-year period. The results showed that students’ aerobic capacity is associated with better academic performance on standardized test scores. R. A. Wittberg, K. L. Northrup, L. A. Cottrell. American Journal of Public Health: 2012, Vol. No. 12. Go here for more…